References:

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Arabian Gazette. (2015, June 25). Internet Usage Trends During Ramadan. Retrieved from Arabian Gazette: http://www.arabiangazette.com/internet-usage-trends-ramadan-20150627/

Arabian Gazette. (2015, June). Ramadan Consumer Behaviour. Retrieved from http://www.arabiangazette.com/ramadan-consumer-behaviour-infographic-20150624/

Discover Digital Arabia and Effective Measure. (2012, March). Retrieved from http://www.effectivemeasure.com/ecommerce-landscape-saudi-arabia

Ecommerce Foundation. (2014). MENA B2C E-commerce Report 2014. Retrieved from Werkkoteollisuus: http://www.verkkoteollisuus.fi/uploads/5/4/1/6/54162459/mena_b2c_e-commerce_report_2014_light.pdf

Go-Gulf. (2015, March 26). Most popular e-commerce sites of the middle east. Retrieved from Go-Gulf: http://www.go-gulf.ae/blog/ecommerce-sites-middle-east/

IORMA, TeJURI, IMRG. (2013). The Global Evolution of Digital Commerce and MENA eCommerce. Retrieved from http://www.visamiddleeast.com/me/common/include/uploads/ecommerce_apr2013.pdf

Mohammed Bin Rashid School of Government. (2014). The Arab World Online 2014: Trends in Internet and Mobile Usage in the Arab Region. Retrieved from http://www.mbrsg.ae/getattachment/ff70c2c5-0fce-405d-b23f-93c198d4ca44/The-Arab-World-Online-2014-Trends-in-Internet-and.aspx

Moisand, L. (2014, April). Social Media Marketing in the Middle East Is An Opportunity For Global Brands. Retrieved from Social Fresh: http://www.socialfresh.com/social-media-monitoring-middle-east-opportunity/

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PayFort. (2015). State of Payments 2015. Retrieved from http://marketing.payfort.com/mailshots/url/sop15/SOP15_Final_En.pdf

PR Newswire. (2015, September 30). MENA B2C E-Commerce Market 2015 – Reportlinker Review. Retrieved from PR Newswire: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/mena-b2c-e-commerce-market-2015—reportlinker-review-300152081.html

Radcliffe, D. (2014, October). 10 new insights into mobile in the Middle East. Retrieved from ZDNet: http://www.zdnet.com/article/10-new-insights-into-mobile-in-the-middle-east/

Radcliffe, D. (2015, July). Where the streets have no name: The Dubai startup shaking up shipping and ecommerce in the Middle East. Retrieved from ZDNet: http://www.zdnet.com/article/where-the-streets-have-no-name-the-dubai-startup-shaking-up-shipping-and-ecommerce-in-the-middle/

Radcliffe, D. (2015). Why doesn’t the Middle East shop online? Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/article/why-doesnt-the-middle-east-shop-online/

Rassed. (2014, May). The attitudes of online users in the MENA region to cybersafety, security and data privacy. Retrieved from http://www.ictqatar.qa/sites/default/files/Cybersafety%2C%20security%20and%20data%20privacy%20-%20Report%20Summary.pdf

Rhodes, M. (2015, October 10). Why It’s So Hard to Design Arabic Typefaces. Retrieved from WIRED: http://www.wired.com/2015/10/why-its-so-hard-to-design-arabic-typefaces/

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Reference from presentation given by Nisreen Shocair at IMRG Ecommerce Worldwide Cross-Border Summit

http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/mena